To create employment during the Depression of the 1930s the Government sponsored a scheme to divert the outlet of the Harvey River into the sea near Myalup and so reclaim land for agriculture by reducing flooding downstream.
Some 2,500 men working on the project were camped west of Harvey and, at times up to 3,500 lived in camps at Myalup and the nearby Stonehouse.
A mechanical drag operated at the Harvey end where the earth was heavy clay but further west shovels and wheelbarrows were used to move the sand.
Each man worked two days a week for a ‘sustenance wage’. They paid out one shilling per week for tent hire and about one pound and fifteen shillings for food, leaving them with perhaps ten or fifteen shillings.
Workers cooked for themselves on an open fire and with a lot of idle time on their hands, many took up fishing to augment their food supply. Others joined the constant gambling that flourished in the camps.
The scheme, funded by the Federal Government was under the control of the Public Works Department and in those desperate times, no further funding was available. The Depression bit deeper everywhere and the Minister for unemployment Jack Scadden was under constant pressure on all sides. Heavy immigration from the United Kingdom in the 1920s and the collapse of farming ventures enhanced the numbers of unemployed.
The Harvey Scheme was just one of many undertaken by the Government through the Depression years, in an attempt to create employment. In 1931 the site was cleared for the Canning Reservoir and the necessary roadworks done into the catchment area for what would be part of the metropolitan water supply. The pipeline carrying the Goldfields water supply was repaired and constantly maintained and more men were employed on the Waroona Dam.
All these works were of benefit to the State’s South West; more good agricultural land was drained in winter and irrigated in summer. The dairy industry expanded as an estimated 76,000 acres was irrigated.
When work began on schemes such as these, an estimated one-third of the State’s breadwinners were unemployed. Of the remainder, many worked only part-time. Officially, unemployment stood at 11% in 1929 and rose to 30% by 1932. In the years 1931, ‘32 and ‘33 most of the State’s budget was spent on public works as a way to ease unemployment.
A memorial to the men who worked on the Harvey Diversion and Drainage Scheme stands in Stirling Park, close by the Diversion on which they laboured.
The Harvey Diversion Enhancement Project held its first meeting on 20th July 2006.
Alex and Nicole Mickle were the artists employed to make and install the public artwork and interpretive shelter. David Marshall was the Project coordinator.
The artwork is made from 190 shovels welded together in two separate panels with 95 shovels in each panel. The shape of each panel represents the winding nature of the diversion from Harvey to the sea at Myalup.
The official opening of the public artwork and interpretive shelter was conducted on Saturday 8th March 2014.
Shire of Harvey President Tania Jackson and HDEP Chairman Cr. Brian Hollands officially unveiled the interpretive shelter signage. A replica of a photograph taken on Uduc Road Bridge at the first official opening in 1935 was recreated at the 2014 official opening.
Recent additions since the 2014 official opening have included the completion of the Gabion wall, a stone aggregate hardstand area under the interpretive shelter, renewing of the footpath, painting of the bridge railing, new painting and landscaping and the addition of an official opening plaque.
Uduc Road, Harvey WA 6220